Two Towers – Mytikas
The island of Euboea was captured in 1205 by the Flemish crusader Jacques D’Avenz, who built a fortress in the middle of Euripus and installed a guard in it. Shortly afterwards, D’Avenz took part with the other Franks in the conquest of the Peloponnese and was killed during the siege of Corinth at an exit of Leo Sgouro.
The Lombardy then king of Thessaloniki, on whose territory Evia belonged, gave the island to three Lombardy aliens from the Italian city of Verona. Of the three of them named thirds, Pegasus Dei Pegorari took northern Evia, Gyvertos the middle of the island and the Ravanos Dalikatseri in southern Evia.
The young gentlemen of the island took care to fortify their rich creation to perpetuate their stay there, as well as to secure the land they acquired with the sword.
For this reason they built high rectangular towers at various locations in Evia, suitable for their defenses and defense of the sites over which they dominate. Many of these towers are still standing, witnessing the island’s turbulent medieval history.
It is worth noting that the towers of Evia belong to a class of defensive buildings, which was developed in the 11th century and was widespread in medieval Europe.
Samples of this architecture are scattered throughout Western and Central Europe. Towers of the same period as the Euboans, entering above the ground, meet in places far away from Evia, such as Ireland and Scotland, which testifies to the unity of European history.
In general, the existence of towers in or near a settlement aiming at the defense of the Community reveals the ages and the continuous rule of these settlements. It also reveals the euphoria and the extent of the arable land, as well as the densely populated areas of the towers.
Indeed, the region of Central Evia, where a large number of towers were built, can be considered as the most populous and richest rural area of Evia at the entrance of the Frankish domination.
In the heart of Lilantio area, on a rocky but smooth hill with two peaks, from which the river Lilas passes, two towers are built, which are preserved in a good state. These two towers, among other things, had the task of controlling and securing river waters for the better water supply of Chalkis and the watering of the rich plains. The sources report that in 1429 one of the two towers was probably inhabited by the riverman, that is, a Venetian official who oversaw the flow of the river, the irrigation of the fields and the preservation of the wonderful water supply system of Chalkida.
But the towers had another key destination. The locals were sheltered in case of robbery, pirates or other hostile raids. The guard of the towers ignored the horizon, and immediately informed the inhabitants of the danger that they were about to lock themselves in the towers and castles, or to find shelter in the dense forests and mountains, thus avoiding death or captivity.
The first from the east tower is square, it has a width of 6,10 m and the length is the same. The entrance of the tower is at a height of 6 meters from the ground. The most characteristic feature of this tower, dating back to the 15th century, is the four circular openings in the upper part of the tower, which give the impression that the tower was carrying discs of watches on all four sides. In this case, the Tower of Lilandio area must be considered as the oldest clock tower in Greece, perhaps across the Balkan Peninsula.
The other tower is 7.5m of height and 7m of width. The small arms gates on the lower part of the masonry, as well as the M-shaped ramparts, indicate the martial character of the building.
Both towers are made of slow (rough) stones, but with a lot of editing and plastered with plaster.
Many pieces of brickwork have been fitted with bricks for greater durability and rigidity.